In classical mathematics, analytic geometry, also known as coordinate geometry or Cartesian geometry, is the study of geometry using a coordinate system. This contrasts with synthetic geometry. Analytic geometry is used in physics and engineering, and also in aviation, rocketry, space science, and spaceflight.
The method of describing the location of points in this way was proposed by the French mathematician Rene Descartes (1596 – 1650).He proposed further that curves and lines could be described by equations using this technique, thus being the first to link algebra and geometry. In honour of his work, the coordinates of a point are often referred to as its Cartesian coordinates, and the coordinate plane as the Cartesian Coordinate Plane.
It provides a connection between algebra and geometry through graphs of lines and curves. The coordinate geometry is an important branch of mathematics. It mainly helps us to locate the points in a plane. Its uses are spread in all fields like trigonometry, calculus, dimensional geometry etc.