Class 10 students will learn that the existence of social diversity does not threaten democracy. The political expression of social differences is possible and sometimes quite desirable in a democratic system. Democratic Politics will introduce students to politics of racial discrimination. This chapter will help them learn how people also identify themselves not only based on linguistics and ethnicity but also race, colour, physical appearance, class, caste, gender, tribe, etc. How the state public expresses social divisions on the mentioned grounds will be discussed in the chapter. The state also plays a role in either suppressing social conflicts or to promoting social disputes.