Democracy evolves through popular struggles. Democratic conflict is resolved through mass mobilisation. The disputes and rallies are based on new political organisations, which include political parties, pressure groups and movement groups. Democratic Politics will discuss what a pressure group is and its role in Indian society. Students will be taught about the popular struggles in India and across the world. The idea behind this chapter is to expose students to the sectional interest groups, which are a form of a pressure group. The popular movements in India, like Assam students’ movement, will be introduced along with the role of pressure groups in the politics of the government. The students will also get to know about the following topics: Popular struggles in Nepal and Bolivia, Mobilisation and organisations & Pressure groups and movements.