NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation


Newton's law of universal gravitation states that every point mass in the universe attracts every other point mass with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses, and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. Gravitation is a very popular subject for Class 11 students as most of the topics in the future are based on this phenomenon. We should be knowing the difference between gravitation and gravity in order to understand more complex subjects. This chapter consists of questions, how can a body be shielded from gravitational influences of any nearby matter, whose gravitational force if greater on earth, the suns, or moons?. We find various complex but easy to understand topics in this chapter such as acceleration due to gravity, finding potential energy difference between two points which are at a certain distance from the earth’s centre. We can even know that the acceleration due to gravity increases/decreases when the depth increases or altitude decreases. This chapter talks about the distance and speed of light among stars which are far away in a different galaxy and the time taken for the stars to complete one revolution. Here, we shall see questions related to a space shuttle escape velocity and its dependency on factors like an object’s mass, location, and direction of projection and the gravitational influences on it. We will be finding the angular speed, kinetic energy, total energy, potential energy, linear speed, and angular momentum of an asteroid revolving around a star.