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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 2 Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources


Land, soil and water come under abiotic Resources and are the most critical Resources. Natural vegetation and wildlife Resources come under biotic Resources. Both Biotic and abiotic Resources are exhaustible, therefore a judicial use of these Resources should be maintained for enhancing their longevity. Land, directly and indirectly, affects the natural vegetation. Nature of land influences the type of vegetation. Temperature and rainfall are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation. Both these factors promote weathering that is breaking down of rocks. Land degradation, landslides, soil erosion, desertification are the major threats to the environment. Fertile land is exploited more and leads to the barrenness if not utilised judicially. Vegetation provides shelter to wildlife and provides us with timber and many other forest produce.