NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 11 The Making of the National Movement: 1870s – 1947

The nationalists' consciousness began to be clearly stated by the political associations formed after 1850—especially those came into being in the 1870s and 1880s. In the first twenty years of its existence, the Congress was "moderate" in its objectives and methods. The Congress leaders of this period were called the Moderates. Some of the reasons for dissatisfaction with British rule in the 1870s and 1880s. Politics of the Radicals within the Congress different from that of the Moderates. The struggle took the form of satyagrahas and agitation. Mahatma Gandhi's involvement in the battle and the Dandi march. The birth of Muslim league and the demand for Pakistan