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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and The Vision of a Golden Age


In mid-1870s Birsa was born in a family of Mundas-a tribal group that lived in Chhotanagpur. He is known to oppose British interference in the name of administration in forest areas and revolted in 1895 till his death in 1900. Shifting Cultivation: After the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned, and the cultivator moves to a new plot. Shifting cultivation is also known as 'slash and burn' agriculture. British always had problems with shifting cultivators, as they were always moving for pasture lands. Dikus: Tribals were not happy with dikus who were considered as 'outsiders' by them.