NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 8 Civilizing The “Native”, Educating The Nation

Mahatma Gandhi urged that colonial education created a sense of inferiority in the minds of Indians. It was sinful, and it enslaved Indians, it cast an evil spell on them. Moreover, it destroyed the pride Indians had in their own culture. Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindra Nath Tagore shared their opinions and thoughts with the masses against the enslavement of Indians under British education. William Jones shared a deep respect for ancient cultures, both India and the West. James Mill and Thomas Macaulay felt that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature.