NCERT Biology chapter “The Fundamental Unit of Life” will teach to students that cell is the fundamental unit of life. The whole chapter revolves around the cell and its structural organisation, in which students will learn about plasma membrane, cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm and structure of an animal cell. Life is all around us, from microscopic microbes to gargantuan whales. But if we were to take a look at all these organisms under a microscope, we would find the cell – the basic and fundamental unit of life. A cell and be an individual organism – such as a bacteria, or it could amass and form a multicellular organism, like humans.