‘French Revolution’ Monarchy of France was ended by the French Revolution. A society based on privileges gave way to a new system of governance. The Revolution began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. Before the French Revolution started, the people of French were divided into social groups or “Estates”. The social and political structure of French changed entirely after the French Revolution. Inequality was one of the root causes of the Revolution, the Revolution tried to bring equality to society. Rise of Napoleon, Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor of France.