Fractions represent equal parts of a whole or a collection. The fraction of a whole: When we divide a whole into equal parts, each part is a fraction of the whole. A fraction represents a part of a whole or, more generally, any number of equal parts. A fraction has two parts. The number on the top of the line is called the numerator. It shows the total divisible number of equal parts the whole into or the total number of equal parts which are there in a collection. When spoken in everyday English, a fraction describes how many parts of a specific size there are, for example, one-half, eight-fifths, three-quarters. The most common examples of fractions from real life are equal slices of pizza, fruit, cake, a bar of chocolate, etc.