Concise Selina Solutions for Class 8 Biology Chapter 2 Reproduction in Plants


Plant reproduction is the production of new offspring in plants, which can be accomplished by sexual or asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction produces offspring by the fusion of gametes, resulting in offspring genetically different from the parent or parents.

Budding: The parent produces a bud which detaches to form a new individual organism after a certain size. E.g., Yeast

Fragmentation: The parent divides itself into fragments, and these fragments grow to an individual organism themselves. E.g., Spirogyra

Spore Formation: The spores present in some plants grow up to form a new individual organism. E.g., Fungi

Vegetative propagation: The new plant or organism is developed from its vegetative parts, i.e., roots, stem, leaves etc. E.g., Potato