# NEET Physics Syllabus for 2024

NTA conducted NEET exam for the year 2024 on 5th May 2024. Knowing the syllabus is the first step in the process of preparing for any test. NEET Physics syllabus has been released by NTA in the pdf format online at NEET UG syllabus for 2024. It is compiled of topics from Class 11th and 12th such as Laws of motion, gravitation, thermodynamics, etc. Candidates can check the complete syllabus of physics subject for NEET 2024 exam from this page.

Given Below is the list of all the topics included in class 11th and 12th NEET 2024 Physics syllabus.

NEET Syllabus 2024 for Physics

Class XI Class XII

Physics and measurement

Electrostatics

Kinematics

Current Electricity

Laws of Motion

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Work, Energy And Power

Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents

Rotational Motion

Electromagnetic Waves

Gravitation

Optics

Properties of Solids And Liquids

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Thermodynamics

Atoms and Nuclei

Kinetic Theory Of Gases

Electronic Devices

Oscillations and Waves

Experimental Skills

Experimental Skills

### PHYSICS: CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS

PHYSICS CONTENTS OF CLASS XI SYLLABUS

UNIT I:

Physics and measurement

Units of measurements, Systems of Units; SI Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, significant figures, Errors in measurements, Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

UNIT II:

Kinematics

The frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalar and Vectors, Vectors, Addition and subtraction, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a vector, Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile motion, Uniform circular motion.

UNIT III:

Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, Newton's first law of motion; Momentum, Newton's second law of motion, Impulse; Newton's third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Static and Kinetic friction, Laws of friction & Rolling Friction.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on banked road.

UNIT IV:

Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative & non conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

UNIT V:

Rotational Motion

Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic Concepts of rotational motion; Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum & its applications.

The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

UNIT VI:

Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period & energy of satellite.

UNIT VII:

Properties of Solids And Liquids

Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law & its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Viscosity. Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry; change of state - latent heat. Heat transfer - conduction, convection and radiation.

UNIT VIII:

Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes.

UNIT IX:

Kinetic Theory Of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases - Assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy and application to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

UNIT X:

Oscillations and Waves

Oscillations & Periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring - restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM - Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period.

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.

UNIT XI:

Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:-
1. Vernier calipers-its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel,
2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire,
3. Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time,
4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments, 5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire,
6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents,
7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body,
8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube &
9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

### PHYSICS: CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS

PHYSICS CONTENTS OF CLASS XII SYLLABUS

UNIT I:

Electrostatics

Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux. Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, dipole and system of charges: potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, the combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

UNIT II:

Current Electricity

Electric current, Drift velocity, mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm's law. Electrical resistance, V-I characteristics of Ohmic & non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff's laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.

UNIT III:

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current straight wire and solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors - definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer - its sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. Para- , dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

UNIT IV:

Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, Induced emf and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

UNIT V:

Electromagnetic Waves

Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

UNIT VI:

Optics

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light at plane & spherical surfaces, thin less formula & lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications.

Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens' principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

UNIT VII:

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual Nature of Radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

UNIT VIII:

Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiments; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

UNIT IX:

Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR).

UNIT XI:

Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:-
1. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge,
2. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law,
3. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method,
4. The focal length of - (i) Convex mirror, (ii) Concave mirror and (ii) Convex lens, using the parallax method,
5. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism,
6. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope,
7. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias,
8. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage &
9. Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.

If one analyzes the NEET previous years Question papers, one can deduce the most important topics in NEET Physics syllabus which are Kinematics, Heat, Electrostatics, Electronic Devices, Thermodynamics, The Magnetic effect of Current, Laws of Motion, and Oscillations & Waves.

### Tips to prepare NEET Physics Syllabus 2024:

1. Syllabus and Exam Pattern Comprehension:-

Analysing topics in NEET 2024 Physics syllabus must be the first step while starting to prepare. Comprehend the exam pattern and hence the marking scheme.

2. Refer Best Books:-

NCERT Textbook for Class 11th & Class 12th Physics. Objective Physics by DC Pandey. Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker. Concepts of Physics by H C Verma. Fundamental Physics by Pradeep & Problems in General Physics by IE Irodov.

3. Practice Previous Year's Question Papers:-

One of the best ways to prepare NEET Physics Syllabus is to practice previous year's NEET question papers. Solving these papers will help you to understand the type of questions asked in the examination. Also, it will enhance your speed, accuracy, time management skills, and familiarizes you with the topics important from the examination point of view.

4. Make Proper Notes:-

The students are advised to prepare study notes of all the necessary formulas, theorems, and concepts. These revision notes will help students to strengthen their knowledge and boost their last-minute preparations.

5. Appear for Online Mock Test Series:-

Online Mock Test Series will help to improve your exam-taking skills. Taking Online Mock Tests will assist you to evaluate your preparation level. Moreover, it will also help you to identify your weak concepts.

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