CLAT Syllabus

CLAT Syllabus

Under Graduate Syllabus

 English Language,
 Current Affairs, including General Knowledge,
 Legal Reasoning &
 Logical Reasoning & Quantitative Techniques.

English Language

In this section of the UG-CLAT, you will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing, and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:-
 Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage,
 Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage,
 Summarise the passage,
 Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage and
 Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

Current Affairs Including General Knowledge

In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.
Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:-
 Contemporary events of significance from India and the world,
 Arts and culture,
 International affairs and
 Historical events of continuing significance.

Legal Reasoning

In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of law to attempt the questions in this section. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:-
 Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage,
 Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations and
 Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

Logical Reasoning

The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT will include a series of short passages of about 450 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:-
 Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions,
 Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage,
 Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence and how conclusions may be strengthened or weakened as a consequence of an alteration in premises or supporting facts;
 Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations,
 Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT will include short sets of facts or propositions, or other textual representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from the passages or questions and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will require you to:
 Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages &
 Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

Post Graduate Syllabus

1. Constitutional Law &
2. Other areas of law such as Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.


What is CLAT?

CLAT is a Common Law Admission Test. It is a centralized national-level government entrance test for admission to 22 National Law Universities (NLU) in India.

When is CLAT exam scheduled?

The examination schedule is listed in the official website of CLAT. Candidates should also note that CLAT exam will be held only once in a year. And, those who appeared in CLAT exam last year are also eligible to appear in the CLAT exam.

From where aspirants can register for CLAT?

Aspirants can register for CLAT from its official website -

What is the purpose of CLAT?

The purpose of CLAT is to get admission into undergraduate and postgraduate law programs at consortium of law universities in India.

What is the validity of CLAT exam scorecard?

The validity of CLAT exam scorecard is for one year only.

What is the educational qualification required for Under Graduate (UG) candidate to appear in the CLAT exam?

The Minimum qualification for Under Graduate (UG) candidate is Completion of 12th grade or its equivalent from a recognized board is mandatory for all applicants, regardless of their chosen academic stream. For General, OBC, PWD, NRI, PIO, and OCI categories, a minimum score of 45% is required to apply for the CLAT exam.

What is the educational qualification required for Post Graduate (PG) candidate to appear in the CLAT exam?

The Candidate should have minimum percentage of 50% in LLB or any other equivalent degree from a recognized university.

What is the age criteria to appear in the CLAT exam?

The minimum age limit to apply for the exam is above 20 years.

What is the procedure of filling the application form?

The procedure for filling the application form are as follows:
1. Visit CLAT official website- then go to the footer section and click on Affiliate Registration option then go to the Affiliate Registration/Login page -, If you don't have account then click on register button below.
2. Enter Name, Mobile Number, Email for OTP verification, Create a new password and confirm password.
3. Then click on Register button,
4. The candidate will receive OTP on email id & mobile number that which needs to be entered at the time of registration.
5. Enter OTP, then Submit.
6. Application form opens
7. Enter Personal Details, contact information, academic details, work experience, program preference, and exam center preference.
8. Documents upload & Do Online Payment.

Will CLAT exam has descriptive questions?

No change in the question paper of CLAT PG has been made, and it will be held as per the previous exam pattern i.e. 120 Objective Type Questions based on core law subjects. In 2021, the Consortium had removed the descriptive section from the CLAT LL. M. exam pattern.

What is the application fees for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI candidates ?

The application fee is 4,000 for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI candidates.

What is the application fees for SC/ST/BPL candidates?

For SC/ST/BPL category candidates, the application fee is 3,500.

Will candidates get a refund of their application form?

Application fees are Non-Refundable & Non-Adjustable.

From where candidates can download admit card?

Candidate can download admit card from the official website of CLAT -

How to download CLAT admit card?

CLAT admit card will not be sent by post to any candidate. The hall ticket has to be downloaded online from the official website - Candidates have to login and enter registration ID, password to download the admit card for CLAT Exam.

Is there any dress code for the CLAT exam?

Candidates are required to wear clothes with half sleeves attire.

How is the CLAT exam selection process done?

The whole counselling process for CLAT is conducted in online mode. Candidates have to register online to participate in the counselling. Eligible candidates who qualify the exam can register on the official website - for the counselling. After that, they have to pay fee to complete the registration process.

Are there any fees for counselling session of CLAT exam?

The CLAT will be tentatively 30,000 for General/OBC category and 20,000 for SC/ST/OBC/BC/EWS/PWD categories. The CLAT counselling fee can only be paid in online mode on the official website -

What is the minimum percentage required for CLAT-UG exam?

Minimum percentage required for CLAT- UG exam is 45% for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI categories and 40% for SC/ST categories.

What is the minimum percentage required for CLAT-PG exam?

Minimum percentage required for CLAT- PG exam is 50% for General/OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO/OCI categories and 45% for SC/ST categories.

Is there any negative marking in CLAT exam?

Negative marking is 0.25 for each incorrect answer.

What is the total number of question asked in CLAT-UG exam?

The Total number of question asked is 120 in CLAT-UG exam.

What is the duration of the CLAT exam?

The duration of CLAT exam is 2 hours in which candidate have to solve 120 MCQ's & each correct answer is awarded 1 mark whereas each incorrect answer has deduction of 0.25 marks.